Intensive crop production system significantly enhanced the use of high energy inputs as well as greater exploitation of irrigation potentials which indiscriminately affects production and productivity of various crops as well as deterioration of soil health and environments. The sustainability in crop productivity, soil health maintenance and ecosystem conservation are the need of the hour which can be thought of with the adoption of organic farming as it offers the sustainable farming systems with recurring benefits as well as stability in the production. Vegetable crops have been well advocated in solving the problem of livelihood security of women due to their market potential. In India the potential of vegetables is further enhanced with the increase awareness about consumption of chemical- free vegetables. Moreover, suitability of vegetables to grow organically, high market price open new avenue for income generation of women.
Cow pea (Utkal Manika), tomato (B.T.- 10), okra (Utkal Gaurav) and pumpkin (Baidyabeti) vegetables were grown with the application of three organic sources viz., farmyard manure @ 20t/ha, neem cake @ 2t/h vermi-compost @ 6t/ha. Farmyard was incorporated 15- 20 days before at the time of land preparation while neem cake and vermi-compost were applied in the soil 10 days prior to the sowing/ transplanting. The insects and diseases were managed through organically pesticides. Crop rotation was also followed for maintain of soil fertility and control of insect pest and diseases.
The small and marginal farmers and also progressive farmers may adopt this organic farming technology for self consumption and for income generation purpose.
Naresh Babu, S.K. Srivastava & M.P.S.Arya, ICAR - Central Institute for Women in Agricultur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Tested and modified for cropping system based on agro-climatic condition.
2009-2012 to provide organically produce.
Rs10- 15 /kg produce