Technologies for Women in Agriculture => Drudgery Reducing Implements


Back ground

Making furrow/ ridges between crops planted in line by shovel is a very drudgery prone activity. It also consumes time more. So, a manually operated hand ridger developed for making ridges easily.

Technology description (Technical)

It consists of ridger and pulling beam with T- type handle. Field needs to be well prepared for getting better performance of equipment for making ridges/furrows. The equipment is operated by two women workers, one for pulling and another for pushing and guiding.

How it is women friendly?

  • It avoids the bending posture during the operation.
  • Very light in weight.


330 m2/h

Locale of dissemination/ application:

Small and marginal farmers


  • About 67% saving in cardiac cost of worker per unit output with the ridger in comparison to the traditional method of making ridges.
  • It avoids bending posture, which is generally adopted in traditional method with short handled tools for making ridges.
  • Productivity of worker doubles with the equipment than traditional practice.

Limitations if any

    Two persons are required to operate


HandRidger HandRidge

Source (author/organization):

Dr. S. P. Singh, ICAR-CIWA, Bhubaneswar, Odisha


Developed and tested

Year and purpose:

2009-12, To reduce the drudgery and increase the work efficiency


Rs. 800



Weather further study/ modification are required or not:

Modification needed for single handed operation